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HOHENTHAL, W. D., and McCORKLE, Thomas
  • The problem of aboriginal persistence. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, XI, n. 3, Albuquerque 1955, pp. 288-300.

Êste trabalho, importante contribuição para o estudo de problemas de aculturação, divide-se em duas partes. Na primeira, Hohenthal trata resumidamente da história, das atividades econômicas, da língua, organização social e religião dos Fulniô de Aguas Belas, chegando à conclusão de terem êstes índios pernambucanos sobrevivido como grupo cultural devido ao apêgo etnocêntrico aos valores de sua própria cultura e ao seu conseguinte desprêzo pela cultura neo-brasileira. Na segunda parte, McCorkle compara esta tribo com os Guaikerí ("Indígenas Guayqueries") da Venezuela, sintetizando suas observações como segue: "…where the Fulniô have several times changed their territory in order to keep their culture, the Guayqueries several times have changed their culture in order to keep their territory. Both groups have maintained distinct communities. The Fulniô have done this by turning away from the dominant group to sustain themselves with values to be found within their own cultural tradition. The Guayqueries have maintained their community by joining the dominant group while yet retaining privileges that are denied to other Venezuelans." (p. 298). Eis a frase final das conclusões: "While the case of the Fulniô shows that a people can survive severe chock provided a majority of its members are sincerely attached to values lying within its cultural tradition, the Guayquerí case demonstrates that a group need not retain distinctive cultural practices in order to maintain itself as a separate and successful community." (pp. 299 e 300).

(p. 364-365)

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